Cherokee Towns

In the historic era beginning around 1700 to near 1800, there were about sixty Cherokee towns and villages in modern North and South Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia.  Most were located in clusters located on various major watersheds and identified by the British trade based in Charles Town (Charleston), SC, as the Overhill, Valley, Middle, Lower and Out Towns.

Towns, general locations and descriptions are in progress in this section (Sep 30, 2015):

Vicinity Map Cherokee Tn Groups

 

 

 

 

Map at right shows the approximate locations of the town clusters.

 

Cherokee Towns and Major Trails

The above map shows major town with the exception of the Lower Towns in upper Georgia and South Carolina. The yellow connections are ancient trails corridors connecting the towns.

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The above map features Nikwasi Town and the surrounding towns along the Little Tennessee and Cullasajah Rivers as well as Cartoogechaye, Ellijay, Burningtown and Cowee Creeks. The green shading conveys the rich bottomlands.

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100,000 Lower Towns

The above map shows most of the Lower Towns in and around Oconee County, South Carolina as well as some major trail routes.  A new map is being produced to replace this one.

Individual Towns

Lower Towns

Brasstown

Cane Creek Village

Chatooga Old Town

Chauga

Cheohee

Coneross

Echoy

Estatoe on Tugaloo River

Estatoe on Estatoe Creek

Eustastue or Estatoe

Keowee

Nacoochee

Noyoyee

Oconee Old Town

Oustanalee

Quaratchee or Warhatchie

Seneca

Socony

Tassee

Toccoa

Tomassee

Toxaway

Tugaloo

Middle Towns

Alijoy

Ayoree

Canucca

Cartoogechaye

Cowee

Cowitchee

Estatoe Old Town

Nikwasi

Nowee

Sugartown

Tassee or (Little Ayoree)

Tassentee

Usannah or Oosarla

Watauga

Out Towns

Alarka or Tessentee

Ekaneetlee

Nununyi

Stecoa

Tennessee Old Town

Tillinnoa Old Town

Tuckaleechee

Tuckasegee

Overhill Towns

1755 SC Trade Authorities

In 1755 the authorities in South Carolina for the purposes of trade documented the Ani-Yun-Wiya Villages under the following designations:

Overhill Towns: Great Tellico, Chatugee, Tennessee, Chote, Toqua, Sittiquo, Talasee

 

1775 William Bartrams List of Towns and Villages in the Cherokee Nation, inhabited at this day: 

Overhill towns on the Tanase or Cherokee River – 6 towns

Tallase

Chelowe [Chilhowee]

Sette [Citigo]

Chota great

Joco [Toqoa]

Tahassee

Overhill towns on the Tanase or Cherokee River – 5 towns

Tamahle

Tuskege

Big Island

Nilaque

Niowe

1776 Authur Fairie’s List, Williamson Expedition:   Over Hill towns on the River Highawassa.

1   First Highawassa,

2   Tiliqua,

3   Eqinsticonsee,

4   Sategoet,

5   Sililwee,

6   Talassee,

7   Chote,

8   Tinnissey,

9   Toco,

10   Kastegeh,

11   Taliquoeah,

12   Hamelecoheh,

13   Wayohheh

14   Thalululeah

………………………………………………………………………………………………

Individual Towns 

Chatooga

Chota

Citigo

Great Hiwassee

Great Tellico

Mialoquo

Tallassee

Tennessee Town

Tomotley

Toqua

Tuskeegee

Valley Towns

Aquonatuste, sometimes called Oconalufta – See Aquonatuste. Oconalufta is a mis-spelling of Aquonatuste. See Pension statements of Rutherford’s men, etc.

Buffalo Town or Yanasee Town

Canoste also called Nottely – or Notly or Natali or Nathali Town – where the trading path to the Overhills ascends Long Ridge

Canuce or Tlanusi-yi  or Canuce/Sanuseah  (per Williamson Expedition) is Leech Place at Murphy

Cheoah

Chinleanahtli or Chinleanatlee            Nantahala R

Choweh or Chowee – Chewayqok (Hawkins)

Clenussee or Canuce

Connehitoyn, Conaheeta, Konehete or Gunahita or Connehitoyn – Long Valley Town on Valley River at site of modern Andrews

Ecoche or Ecoheh per the Williamson Expedition 1776, is Aquohee or Brass Town.  Great Ecochee – Fairy diary – destroyed by General Griffith Rutherford’s army before Andrew Williamson arrived

Estanalee/ Estanaula/Estahanary/Estanollih/Ustenaaleh/Oostanaula Town (Estahanary 1761 maps), (Estanollih, 1760 Montgomery towns list), (Ustenaaleh, 1837 Army)

Hiwassee  (Little Hiwassee) see Peachtree Mound and Village

Little Tellico

Nantahala

Nottely also called Canoste – or Notly or Natali or Nathali Town

Nottely Town on Nottely River near Coosa Town

Quanasee or Spikebuck Mound and Village

Quotoconechito

Shooting Creek/Nacoochee

Stecoah or Stecoa Usti-go-hi, Little Place

Tasetche or Dasetsi or Setsi

Tomotla

Tallula or Connichiloe Town, also spelled Tururo (lower dialect “r”, upper dialect “l”)

Tusquittee

 

Chickamauga Towns – Revolutionary War to Removal, the five Lower Towns…