In the historic era beginning around 1700 to near 1800, there were about sixty Cherokee towns and villages in modern North and South Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia. Most were located in clusters located on various major watersheds and identified by the British trade based in Charles Town (Charleston), SC, as the Overhill, Valley, Middle, Lower and Out Towns.
Towns, general locations and descriptions are in progress in this section (Sep 30, 2015):
Map at right shows the approximate locations of the town clusters.
The above map shows major town with the exception of the Lower Towns in upper Georgia and South Carolina. The yellow connections are ancient trails corridors connecting the towns.
The above map features Nikwasi Town and the surrounding towns along the Little Tennessee and Cullasajah Rivers as well as Cartoogechaye, Ellijay, Burningtown and Cowee Creeks. The green shading conveys the rich bottomlands.
The above map shows most of the Lower Towns in and around Oconee County, South Carolina as well as some major trail routes. A new map is being produced to replace this one.
Cane Creek Village
Chatooga Old Town
Estatoe on Tugaloo River
Estatoe on Estatoe Creek
Eustastue or Estatoe
Oconee Old Town
Quaratchee or Warhatchie
Estatoe Old Town
Tassee or (Little Ayoree)
Usannah or Oosarla
Alarka or Tessentee
Tennessee Old Town
Tillinnoa Old Town
1755 SC Trade Authorities
In 1755 the authorities in South Carolina for the purposes of trade documented the Ani-Yun-Wiya Villages under the following designations:
Overhill Towns: Great Tellico, Chatugee, Tennessee, Chote, Toqua, Sittiquo, Talasee
1775 William Bartrams List of Towns and Villages in the Cherokee Nation, inhabited at this day:
Overhill towns on the Tanase or Cherokee River – 6 towns
Overhill towns on the Tanase or Cherokee River – 5 towns
1776 Authur Fairie’s List, Williamson Expedition: Over Hill towns on the River Highawassa.
1 First Highawassa,
Aquonatuste, sometimes called Oconalufta – See Aquonatuste. Oconalufta is a mis-spelling of Aquonatuste. See Pension statements of Rutherford’s men, etc.
Buffalo Town or Yanasee Town
Canoste also called Nottely – or Notly or Natali or Nathali Town – where the trading path to the Overhills ascends Long Ridge
Canuce or Tlanusi-yi or Canuce/Sanuseah (per Williamson Expedition) is Leech Place at Murphy
Chinleanahtli or Chinleanatlee Nantahala R
Choweh or Chowee – Chewayqok (Hawkins)
Clenussee or Canuce
Connehitoyn, Conaheeta, Konehete or Gunahita or Connehitoyn – Long Valley Town on Valley River at site of modern Andrews
Ecoche or Ecoheh per the Williamson Expedition 1776, is Aquohee or Brass Town. Great Ecochee – Fairy diary – destroyed by General Griffith Rutherford’s army before Andrew Williamson arrived
Estanalee/ Estanaula/Estahanary/Estanollih/Ustenaaleh/Oostanaula Town (Estahanary 1761 maps), (Estanollih, 1760 Montgomery towns list), (Ustenaaleh, 1837 Army)
Hiwassee (Little Hiwassee) see Peachtree Mound and Village
Nottely also called Canoste – or Notly or Natali or Nathali Town
Nottely Town on Nottely River near Coosa Town
Quanasee or Spikebuck Mound and Village
Stecoah or Stecoa Usti-go-hi, Little Place
Tasetche or Dasetsi or Setsi
Tallula or Connichiloe Town, also spelled Tururo (lower dialect “r”, upper dialect “l”)
Chickamauga Towns – Revolutionary War to Removal, the five Lower Towns…